How To Pay Your Income Tax?


All Indian citizens who meet the eligibility criteria and earn an income up to a certain threshold have a legal responsibility to pay their fair share of income tax to the government. The income tax department diligently monitors those people who attempt to evade their income tax obligations. Understandably, paying taxes can be a significant burden, both financially and in terms of time. However, it is an inevitable duty, and the income tax department has taken reasonable steps to alleviate this burden by implementing appropriate measures, making taxes less daunting and discouraging people from attempting to avoid them.

Most salaried people pay their income tax in advance and ensure that their overall tax liability is split into portions, thereby reducing their tax liability burden. A deduction in the monthly salary shows the amount which is being deducted from the salary every month. Many taxpayers accurately self-assess their taxes, resulting in a tax liability that closely matches the actual amount owed in most instances. However, there are occasions when the self-assessment process deviates from the correct path, leading to incorrect outcomes. Consequently, individuals may find themselves in a situation where they must make additional payments to settle their tax obligations after filing their income tax return.

Steps to Pay Due Income Tax

Paying taxes is often perceived as a burdensome and complex task and the prospect of having to pay additional dues can cause significant concern for individuals. Though, taxpayers can find peace in the fact that the Income Tax Department has implemented efficient steps to streamline the procedure, making it convenient and hassle-free to settle all tax obligations. The department actively takes on the responsibility of notifying and reminding individuals about their pending taxes, ensuring that taxpayers are well-informed of their tax liabilities and can promptly fulfill their obligations to avoid any potential penalties in the future.

For those seeking to make their tax payments, here is a step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Login - Start by visiting the official website of the Income Tax Department, specifically the TIN NSDL website.

Step 2: E-payment - Locate the 'e-payment' section on the website.

Step 3: Challan number 280 - Click on 'Challan 280' to initiate the payment process for your outstanding income taxes.

Step 4: Form Fill up - Complete the form with accurate and relevant details, including your Permanent Account Number (PAN), assessment year, full name, address, contact number, and email ID.

Step 5: Type of Tax - Select the appropriate tax type, typically 'tax on regular assessment,' if you have received an intimation from the Income Tax Department regarding additional taxes.

Step 6: Bank - Choose the bank through which you prefer to make the payment for your due income taxes.

Step 7: Online Payment - Click the 'Proceed' button and you will be directed to the online payment portal.

Step 8: Payment Gateway - Each bank has its payment gateway with various options for online payment modes. Follow the instructions provided by your chosen bank to complete the payment securely.

Step 9: Receipt of Payment - After successful payment, an instant receipt will be generated. It is crucial to retain a soft copy of this receipt for future reference and communication with the income tax department.

Alternatively, taxpayers have the option to make their tax payments offline by visiting designated banks and settling the amount due in cash or by cheque. In such events, it is essential to procure the tax challan from the Income Tax Office, duly fill it out, and submit it along with the requisite payment.

By adhering to these steps, taxpayers can fulfill their tax obligations efficiently, both through online and offline channels, while ensuring compliance with the Income Tax Department's requirements.

How to pay income tax through net banking

To pay your income tax securely through online banking, you can follow these straightforward steps:

  1. Visit the official website: Start by visiting the website at
  2. Access the e-payment service: Look for the 'Services' section and click on 'e-payment' to proceed with online tax payment. Alternatively, you can directly click on the tab 'e-payment: Pay Taxes Online'.
  3. Select the appropriate challan: Choose the relevant challan based on your income category. You can select from options such as ITNS 280, ITNS 281, ITNS 282, ITNS 283, ITNS 284, or Form 26 QB (for TDS on property sale), depending on your specific requirements.
  4. Provide the necessary details: Enter the required details, including your PAN/TAN, accounting head for payment, taxpayer address, and the bank through which you will make the payment.
  5. Confirmation screen: After submitting the details, a confirmation screen will be displayed. If your PAN/TAN is verified in the ITD PAN/TAN master, the taxpayer's full name will be shown on the screen for verification.
  6. Proceed to your bank's payment page: Once you confirm the details, you will be redirected to the payment page of your chosen bank. Utilize your bank's net banking services to complete the payment process.
  7. Log in to your net banking: Login to your bank's net banking website using your user ID and password to proceed with the payment.
  8. Make the payment: Follow the instructions provided by your bank's net banking portal to finalize the payment.
  9. Save the challan receipt: After completing the payment, you will receive a challan receipt containing important details such as the CIN (Challan Identification Number), payment details, and the name of the bank. It is advisable to save this receipt for future reference.

By following these steps, you can conveniently and securely pay your income tax online through your preferred bank's net banking services.

How to pay income tax offline

When it comes to paying income tax offline, there are a few important steps that taxpayers should follow. Here's a guide on how to make offline tax payments:

  1. Obtain the tax challan: Visit the nearest Income Tax Office or authorized bank and collect the appropriate tax challan form. Ensure that you obtain the correct form based on your tax category and payment type.
  2. Fill out the challan form: Carefully fill out the challan form with accurate information. Provide details such as your PAN/TAN, assessment year, taxpayer's name, address, contact number, email ID, and the applicable tax amount.
  3. Choose the mode of payment: Decide whether you prefer to make the payment in cash or by cheque. If paying by cheque, make sure to issue a crossed cheque in favor of the authorized bank mentioned on the challan form. For cash payments, follow the guidelines provided by the bank or Income Tax Office.
  4. Submit the challan and payment: After completing the form and ensuring all details are correct, submit the filled-out challan along with the payment amount to the authorized bank or Income Tax Office. The bank or office will provide an acknowledgment counterfoil as proof of payment.
  5. Retain the proof of payment: It is crucial to keep the counterfoil or any other receipt provided by the bank or Income Tax Office as evidence of the tax payment. This receipt will include essential details such as the Challan Identification Number (CIN), payment date, and the name of the bank or office.
  6. Verification and acknowledgment: Once the payment is processed, the bank or Income Tax Office will stamp the counterfoil as proof of payment and return it to you. Ensure that you retain this document safely for future reference or in case of any disputes or discrepancies.
  7. Maintain records: It is advisable to maintain a record of all offline tax payments made, including copies of the filled-out challan forms, payment receipts, and any other relevant documents. These records will serve as valuable documentation during audits or when filing income tax returns.

How to check income tax refund status

Usually, the refund process for online income tax takes 2 to 6 months to come into the bank account of the taxpayer from the date of e-filing of returns through online mode. One can follow the following steps to track their income tax refund status:

  1. Login to the NSDL-TIN Website
  2. Enter your PAN Number and Assessment Year
  3. The status of your income tax refund should display on your screen.

Here are various refund statuses that taxpayers may encounter:

  • Expired: This status indicates that the refund has expired. Typically, refunds have a validity period, and if they are not claimed within that timeframe, they are considered expired.
  • Refund Returned: In this case, the refund amount was sent to the taxpayer but could not be delivered successfully. It could be due to incorrect bank account details or an inactive or closed bank account. As a result, the refund was returned to the income tax department.
  • Processed through direct credit mode but failed: This status means that the income tax department attempted to directly credit the refund amount into the taxpayer's bank account, but the transaction was unsuccessful. Possible reasons could include technical issues, incorrect bank account details, or other factors that prevented the successful transfer.
  • Paid (Received the ECS refund advice but account not credited): In this situation, the income tax department has sent the Electronic Clearing Service (ECS) refund advice to the taxpayer. However, the amount has not been credited to the taxpayer's account yet. It could be due to delays in the banking system or other factors impacting the crediting process.
  • Adjusted against outstanding demand from the previous year: If a taxpayer has any outstanding tax liabilities or demands from previous years, the income tax department may adjust the refund amount against those dues. This ensures that the taxpayer's outstanding obligations are cleared before the refund is issued.
  • Processed through NECS/NEFT and failed: NECS (National Electronic Clearing Service) or NEFT (National Electronic Funds Transfer) is the mode through which the refund amount was processed. However, the transfer was unsuccessful due to various reasons, such as incorrect bank account details or technical issues.

Things to consider while paying dues

When it comes to paying your due taxes, there are several important considerations that taxpayers should keep in mind. Here are some key points to consider:

  1. Compliance with tax laws: Ensure that you are familiar with the relevant tax laws and regulations applicable to your income and financial situation. Stay updated on any changes or updates in the tax laws that may impact your tax liabilities.
  2. Timely payment: Pay your taxes on time to avoid penalties and interest charges. Familiarize yourself with the tax deadlines and make sure you have ample time to prepare and submit your tax payments before the due date.
  3. Accuracy of information: Provide accurate and complete information while making tax payments. This includes details such as your PAN (Permanent Account Number), assessment year, taxpayer's name, address, and other relevant information required for the payment process. Any errors or discrepancies may lead to delays or potential complications.
  4. Appropriate payment method: Choose the correct mode of payment based on the options provided by the income tax department. Online methods, such as net banking or electronic payment gateways, are often preferred for their convenience and efficiency. However, if offline payment methods are necessary, such as cash or cheque, ensure that you follow the prescribed procedures and submit the payment to authorized banks or income tax offices.
  5. Documentation and record-keeping: Maintain proper documentation and records of your tax payments. Retain copies of receipts, acknowledgment counterfoils, and other relevant documents as proof of payment. These records will be invaluable during audits, when filing tax returns, or in case of any future disputes or inquiries.
  6. Seeking professional advice: If you have complex tax situations, multiple sources of income, or uncertainties regarding your tax liabilities, consider consulting a tax professional or accountant. They can provide guidance tailored to your specific circumstances, ensuring accurate tax calculations and compliance with tax laws.
  7. Stay informed about tax benefits and deductions: Take advantage of available tax benefits, exemptions, and deductions that you may be eligible for. This can help reduce your overall tax liability and optimize your tax planning strategies.