Important law subjects taught in law schools


Is there any best subject for law students? Yes, there can be some favorite subjects depending on a person's opinion, but can there be a subject that's considered best among all? It is the question that comes to mind of every individual pursuing law. 

Let us think!! Best is probably the most subjective term ever coined. What is best for an individual can be a horrible experience for others and visa-versa. There is no subject as an easy subject if you go in depth. Every subject taught in law schools across India, or the world has a lot of relevance. In this article, we will discuss some subjects that every law student must study. Ensure to read the article till the end to get some bonus tips.

Importance of constitution and law study:

To begin with, if you recall the words of Hans Kelsen, you may remember that he named certain norms as grundnorm or the bars which compose the base of all other models in society. 

The Indian Constitution is the grundnorm for our country, and all other laws derive their authority from the constitution. Each law enacted by the length and breadth of the nation has to go via the test of constitutional truth. Irrespective of the area of profession you desire, the law set in your authority must also accept by the constitution. 

The court is the most separate organ of the nation, bound by the body. And this creates the constitution an essential subject for law students. The relevancy of the form can be measured by the fact that it is led not only to law students but also to secondary school students. To be an informed citizen of the country, one must know the constitution.

Laws every law student must study:

Following are some relevant subjects included in the law syllabus across all the law schools in India:

1. Admiralty Law

Admiralty law, also known as maritime law, protects topics such as shipping, navigation, waters, insurance, canals — and even piracy. Unlike multiple other laws things, admiralty law has a particular niche. It is now under the authority of the national ward courts. The courts say that the ship's flag defines the original nation of the law, which means each country is let to rule over their ships and seamen, yet of the waters.

2. Business Law

Business law is for the aspect of the law involving industry and commerce — from taxes and harm to permitting and trademarking. This vast section of the law forks off into multiple scopes of expertise.

3. Constitutional Law

Often considered one of the broadest and most involved branches of law, constitutional law requires a deep understanding of the U.S. Constitution to understand its every possible interpretation and implementation. Constitutional law is created to keep the affinities between state and national governments and protect the individual's rights. The law drafts heavily from orders made in the Supreme Court.

Why is learning constitutional law essential?

Constitutional law operates with the primary codes by which the country exerts its power. It is more concerned with day-to-day, regular practices. Contracts, obedience, and penalties fall under this umbrella. Lawyers specializing in this practice area can help a firm get off the reason with its initial paperwork or help them guide complex crises like insolvency. 

4. Criminal Law

Criminal law spins around the governmental prosecution of anyone purported to have achieved a criminal act, as stated by public law. An act cannot be classified as a crime if either governmental statute or collaborative law has set no precedent, and suits between two people or societies are deemed civil rather than criminal cases.

Why is learning Criminal law essential?

If you want to be a defense lawyer or prosecutor, criminal law is of the entire scope, and you can go for it. The attorneys in this area see a lot of courtroom debates while safeguarding their client's rights.

5. Environmental Law

Environmental law came into power from a group of national enactments enacted in 1970 that pushed agencies and firms to believe the result of their rules on the surrounding. The undertakings set laws and norms that save the environment from private and public actions.

Why is learning environmental law essential?

Nowadays, climate shift is an evident issue that will rise in importance during our lifetimes. As we resume figuring out how to save our environment actually and regulations develop to reflect the required adjustments, attorneys in this course area will be vital.

6. First Amendment Law

First Amendment law works to save citizens' rights to liberty of speech, faith, press, and body against statute acted. Litigation is likely created by the First Amendment's right to appeal to the government for a redress of grudges. The cases covered everything from book burning to prayer in law schools to Internet pornography.
Why is learning First Amendment law essential?

It lets one express them via journal and dissemination. It is part of the constitutional safeguard of the liberty of phrase. It does not afford associates of the media any individual rights or honors not afforded to residents in public.

7. Health Care Law

Since the state mostly maintains public health, most health laws and rules are state-based. Federal health law centers on the Department of Health and Human Services, which is yet in charge of Medicare and its programs. The law can also cover medical malpractice, licensure, patient rights, and bioethical policy.

Why is learning Health Care law essential?

Law study helps maintain a doctor-patient trustee relationship. Case Laws play a crucial role in this law, and Courts and adjudicating officers follow the same while judging such suits occurring out of doctor's treatment.

8. Cyber laws:

Cyber laws are made to save customers from online scams. Cyberlaw exists to stop online offenses, such as credit card theft and essence theft. One who executes such thefts faces national and state illegal charges.

Why do we need to study cyber law?

Cyber Laws pay legal credit to E-documents and a system to help e-filing and e-commerce trades and equip a legal strategy to lower and prevent cyber crimes. It, moreover, covers all trades over the internet and keeps an eye on all movements over the internet.

9. Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual property law has seen massive growth in the last decade. It is a wide variety of laws that deals with the buying and enforcement of patents, brands, and copyrights. Listed below are three subdivisions of Intellectual property law.
1) Patent Law

The main reason for patents was to promote scientific study, new technology, and industrial gain. Patent law trusts the creator to use their patented effect and allows the use of the same to a person with prior approval against specific concerns.

2) Trademark law

Trademark law is planned to defend a company or a person's asset in any specific name, logo, or device.

3) Copyright law

Copyright law deals with securing academic, creative, and lyric works.

 Why do we need to study Intellectual law?

The intellectual property contains the exclusive rights to a reported idea, effect, or name and has anything from terms and signs to Internet domain names. The law not only sells with unauthorized use of work and plagiarism but also protects the owner's creative content.


We hope this article gives you an idea of the laws one must study as a law student. All the above Laws were enacted during pre- and post-independence in India and are equally effective and relevant today. Those laws play essential roles in the Indian judiciary system and are very much in trend in application with their necessary edits and changes.


1. What are the requirements for admission to a lawful course? 

Every university proposing a law degree tracks the eligibility bars set by BCI. Prospects desiring the course must hold a bachelor's degree from an identified university for three or four years. 

2. Can I seek an LLB after Class 12?

A: No, the three-year LLB class can be followed only after graduation. For that, you must enlist in classes such as BCom LLB, BA LLB, BBA LLB, and BSc LLB after class 12th.

3. How can one get admission to the top national law university in India?

One can give CLAT the scores obtained by the national law universities of India.

4. What entrance exam is conducted for the BA LLB course offered by NLU Delhi?

NLU Delhi

5. Is it okay to do along with law?

Yes, one can pursue a LLB, a mix of and law.

6. What academic qualification is needed for pursuing BBA LLB?

For the study of BBA LLB, a candidate must have completed class 12.