Supreme Court Asserts: Consensual Relationships Can Evolve


In a recent ruling, the Supreme Court highlighted that the consensual nature of a relationship can change over time, emphasizing that ongoing consent is essential. The bench of Justices Aniruddha Bose and PV Sanjay Kumar made this observation while rejecting a plea to quash a rape case filed by a woman against her former partner.

The case involved allegations that the accused concealed his previous marriage, leading the complainant into marriage and a subsequent sexual relationship. Despite the accused's claims of consensuality, the Supreme Court affirmed the Karnataka High Court's decision, stating that the evolving nature of relationships must be considered.

The Court's stance underscores the importance of continuous consent in interpersonal relationships, asserting that a consensual beginning does not guarantee an ongoing consensual state. In this case, the complainant accused the man of suppressing crucial information, influencing her decision to marry him.

The ruling serves as a legal precedent, emphasizing the need for thorough investigations into allegations when relationships turn sour. The Court's decision to uphold the High Court's stance reaffirms its commitment to ensuring justice in cases involving conflicting narratives.

Additionally, the Supreme Court directed the High Court to safeguard the complainant's identity by using the pseudonym 'Miss X' in all proceedings, noting the inadvertent disclosure of her identity in the High Court's judgment. This precautionary measure underscores the importance of protecting the privacy and dignity of individuals involved in sensitive legal matters.

Author: Anushka Taraniya

News Writer, MIT ADT University