Trust creation in India is governed under the Indian Trust Act, 1882. The trust declaration might be used to create trusts in India, a trust transfer that occurred throughout the lifespan of the settlor or under their will, a statute, power, or contractual agreement. The processes utilized for building trust are usually based on the connection of the trustor to the asset interest, that is, to establish the trust property. This is what trust formation means.

Trust Creation Methods

Trust declaration: 

The trust declaration is initially built by the trust declaration when the property owner discloses that they possess it as a trustee for the third party (beneficiary). There are zero requirements for transfer since the trustee already acquires an entirely legal title. An oral declaration is considered to be adequate to give or transfer assets or property. However, in the case of original stuff, a written statement usually is essential. 

Trust Transfers: 

A trust is formed initially when the asset is given to a trustee for the advantage of the other party or beneficiary, sometimes also for the settlor's benefits. The trustee typically gets the legal title that is passed onto it. At the same time, the beneficiary gains a reasonable title in the asset. The settlor or the trustor has least no or least remaining desires in the purchase. It is possible to execute a transfer in trust by several kinds of arrangement or deeds throughout the life of the settlor. It is also widely referred to as inter vivos trust or living trust. 

Appointment Power – 

This is the power that is given to the donor. As per this power of appointment, a donor can appoint a done or appointee or select a particular individual to transfer the trust or will. Thus, any individual with appointment power can make a new trust as per the donor's directions, thereby assigning a person as trustee to transfer the property of the trust to anyone, including the estate and himself. In any case, a person cannot appoint himself even if he has extraordinary assigning power.

Contract-based Trusts –

These trusts can be established by different types of arrangements based on deals, such as a person can get the policy for life insurance on account of his own life and thus, pay policy premiums by himself.

The person who has taken the life insurance acts as a settlor to make trust by getting into a contract with the life insurance company for the trustee's favour. The insurance provider, insurer, as a result, commit to paying the policy proceeds to the individual that acts as a trustee for the insurance. In addition, the trustee is also given the responsibility to assist the trust's beneficiary with the proceeds during the life of the beneficiary. This type of trust is known as insurance trust, which is made when the life insurance organization issues its policy.


These provided for the development of the trust creations in several instances. In sudden or wrongful death, the statutes offer that a right of action is also available for the remaining family member or executor or administration.

Trust Creation

Trust creation in India happens typically when a donor provides properties to the second party or is widely known as the trustee. Later, these assets or properties are delivered to the beneficiaries. In case a specific trust is cancelled of its new properties, it initially dismisses. 

Through the Union Trust Code, section 401 explains the creation of a trust can be performed by:

Asset transfer to the trustee is usually done throughout the lifespan of the trustee, through the will, or after the death of the trustor. 

The declaration done by the asset owner that possesses the determined help as trustee; or the usage of power for allocating the support to the second party or trustee.

Moreover, it isn't that tough to develop a trust of your own. Numerous kinds of trust can start on easy trust formation; however, the intention and the requirement of the people must be taken into account. In addition, to build trust, there are four various types of legal requirements, such as:

· The capability of a donor or the grantor to build trust.

· The donor intends to develop trust.

· There should be proper funding of the trust.

· Presence of ascertainable beneficiaries.

In most cases, a trustee can become a beneficiary, but not the only heir. In the UTC, section 402(a)(4) states that a trustee must always have the duties to perform. 

The Intention of the Trust Creation

The trust creation in India typically takes place whenever an individual offers a present to an intermediary, known as the trustee, to deliver the gift to the actual beneficiary. Since there aren't any particular terms needed to build trust, there should be a solid intent to create trust. In several situations, there are queries regarding the intention of creating trust. However, the use of several terms like trust or denoting the intermediary as a trustee or executor is a clear sign of the intention of creating a trust.

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Author: Amanpreet Kaur